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A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) image of a historic German structure, before the it was destroyed by Allied bombs during World War II.
A rambild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Augsburg building gutted by the Allied bombing during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Munich building before Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of the destroyed theater after the Allied attacks during World War II
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Munich building before Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Munich building after Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Frankfurt area called Saalgasse before Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of what was left of the ancient quarter and entrance to Saalgasse after Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Munich building before Germany was bombed during World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of a historic Munich building after Germany was bombed in World War II.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of the Stadion of Olympiade. This area was not badly damaged during the war, and was taken over in 1945 as the headquarters of the British military contingent in Berlin. Returned to German control in the mid-1990s, much of this area remains today as it did in 1936, still a sports center.
A raumbild-verlag (stereocard) of the Stadion of Olympiade, Hous of German sports. This area was not badly damaged during the war, and was taken over in 1945 as the headquarters of the British military contingent in Berlin. Returned to German control in the mid-1990s, much of this area remains today as it did in 1936, still a sports center.
Information on the back of the photgraph, "Visiting American newspaper and magazine men view rows of corpses of prisoners at the German concentration camp at Dachau. About 200 bodies were piled here."
Dachau opened in March 1933, and was the first concentration camp established by the Nazis in Germany. It served as a prototype and model for other Nazi concentration camps that followed. The prisoners in the photograph were mostly likely killed before the camp was liberated.
On April 29, 1945 Dachau was surrendered to the American Army by SS- Sturmscharfuhrer Heinrich Wicker. As U.S. troops neared the camp, they found more than 30 railroad cars filled with additional bodies brought to Dachau. Note the word "POLAK' is written on the chest of a dead Polish prisoner. Poles constituted the largest ethnic group in the Dachau camp during the war.
On April 29, 1945 Dachau was surrendered to the American Army by SS- Sturmscharfuhrer Heinrich Wicker. As U.S. troops neared the camp, they found more than 30 railroad cars filled with additional bodies brought to Dachau.
Over its twelve years as a concentration camp, the Dachau administration recorded the intake of 206,206 prisoners and 31,951 deaths. This number varies according to the source but the totals are overwhelming regardless. Photographic evidence of the Holocaust, such as this, extinguished claims that reports of horrific Nazi Death Camps was Allied propaganda.
The town of Dachau dates back to the Middle Ages and at one time was home to many of Germany's artists.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of all Allied Forces in the European Theater during World War II, is greeted by an unidentified officer. Eisenhower toured several Nazi Concentration Camps immediately after they were liberated in order to personally testify to the heinous Nazi war crimes.
Information with the photograph, "A lone soldier of the 100th Infantry Division, Seventh U.S. Army, walks through the ruins of Heilbronn, Germany, cleared of the enemy April 12, 1945. Forty miles southeast of Mannheim and the Rhino, Heilbronn, an important road and rail center was blasted by Allied Planes. U.S. Signal Corps Photo."
Building in back cente and right, is still burning as people carry what belongings they have left with them in the streets.
Information included with the photograph, "Troops of the Third U.S. Army crouch low as enemy fire opens during their crossings of the Rhine in assault boats at Oberwesel, Germany. The Army first forged the river March 22, 1945." Note the label "me" on the photograph most likely points to Raymond Young, infantryman and combat photographer.
Soldiers walk throughout the streets of Dachau. Buildings were demolished during bombings and the United States Army assaults, followed by the liberation of prisoners held in Dachau concentration camp.
Information included with the photograph,"Overall view showing the damage done by the RAF and the U.S. Eighth Air Force to the Deutsche Dunlop A.G. Tire and rubber factory at Hanau. The widespread destruction in this plant severely cut part of the German tire production for motor vehicles. This part of the plant ceased to produce after the last air attack that left it the mass of twisted girders and rubble shown." See the back of the original photograph for more information.
Information included with the photograph,"Debris spilled from bombed buildings of Mainz fills a street of the ancient Rhine River city captured by troops of the 80th Division, Third u.S. Army, March 23, 1945. Mainz, birthplace of Johannes Gutemberg, credited with the development of printing in the 15th Century, was a strategic Nazi manufacturing center of machinery and chemicals."
U.S. soldiers move on from a destroyed transport vehicle on the road as one G.I. mans a mounted machine gun in the jeep.
U.S. Army troops pushed through German resistance in the Spring of 1945. Many towns such as this were bombed from the air and assualted by ground forces.
Tanks and soldiers traveled past destroyed buildings as they push through Germany in the spring of 1945.
American GIs make their way through the rubble of what is left of a German town.
Buildings in a German City bombed by the U.S. and RAF Forces, lay in ruins towards the end of the World War II.
A lone soldier walks around the destroyed buildings in a German town towards the end of the war.
Information included on back: "Dead horses and wrecked vehicles of German convoy are strewn along road in vicinity of Lus, Germany. Following attack on convoy by American Dive Bombers. Germans were trying to escape from encirclement by troops of the 3rd and 7th U.S. Armies." (U.S. Signal Corps).
Information included on back: "Two Aged German women with civilian escorts are guided by a Ninth U.S. Army soldier (right, foreground) to Allied Military Government authorities in Erkelenz, Germany, for registration February 27, 1945, following capture of the town by Ninth Army forces driving toward the Rhine. Erkelenz is east of the Roer River, nine miles southwest of Munchen-Gladbach." (U.S. Signal Corps).
Part of the information included on back: "German town near Duren on the Roer River, important junction point of the road leading to Cologne and the Rhine lies shell-wrecked and bombed to ruins February 21, 1945 as U.S. troops advanced deeper into Germany."(U.S. Signal Corps).
Part of information included on back: "A knocked-out American tank stands behind a small, leveled building in captured Heilbronn. German industrial city which was virtually demolished prior to its occupation . . ." (U.S. Signal Corps).
Information included on back: "Two young women of captured Rittersdorf, Germany, step over an abandoned Nazi rifle as they carry water in the Reich town, seized by troops of the Third U.S. Army February 26, 1945. The town was cleared by American soldiers driving to Bitburg, last important German road center west of the Rhine in the Third Army battle sector."
Information included on back: "A wrecked 105mm gun stands by the side of a road near Manhay, Belgium, where troops of the 83rd U.S. Infantry Division are advancing against the northern flank of the Nazi wedge. Manhay was wrested from enemy control December 28, 1944, by Allied forces driving toward the German St. Vith-Laroche supply road which was severed in several places by January 8, 1945, when 15 miles of the vital highway was under U.S. and British control. The Germans were thus left with only one major supply highway into their salient." (U.S. Signal Corps).
Information on back of picture is torn, but partial info reads: "This is a scene in Zweibrucken, hammered by Allied air and U.S. artillery attacks before Seventh U.S. Army troops captured the town March 20, 1945."
A series of intense battles were fought here between the U.S. and German force from 1944/09/19 to 1945/02/10, over barely 50 sq mi. east of the Belgian–German border.
Information on back of picture reads: "A civilian picks his way through the rubble littering the streets of Laroche, Belgium, formerly an important enemy communications center on the northern flank of the Ardonnes Salient. Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force announced January 12, 1945, that Allied troops had taken the Belgian town. Only a little over a month after the launching of the unsuccessful Nazi counter-thrust December 16, 1944, front lone correspondents made it clear by midnight January 22, 1945, that the Battle of the Ardonnes was practically over."
Caption on back of photo reads: "German civilians from the small farming community of Tenholz are received by an American soldier in a shattered house serving as a reception center in Lovenich. The 102nd Infantry Division of the Ninth U.S. Army captured Lovenich February 25, 1945."
Caption on back reads "Civilians of Plauen, Germany, make their way through rubble filled streets in search of what articles they can salvage from their wrecked homes and shops. The city was captured by the 3rd U.S. Army following a devastating attack by Allied bombers."
Caption on back of photo reads: "German woman (left) stands before the wreckage of her home and explains to a neighbor how a heavy Nazi shell leveled the building. Several civilians were injured by the enemy action against the town after its capture by American troops."
Information on back of photo reads: "This bridge, part of the German autobahn highway near Kaiserslautern, was blown up by fleeing Nazi troops during the advance of American forces inside the Saar bulge. Kaiserslautern, road junction town in the area, was entered by the Third U.S. Army troops March 20, 1945. The autobahn is the many-laned concrete highway designed to link up most of Germany in a network. The system had not been entirely completed by the Nazis at the outbreak of the war."
Information on back of photo reads: "Rubble and bombed out buildings are all that remain of the plant of the Dunlop Company at Hanau, which was Germany's second largest tire plant. This factory specialized in aircraft tired before it was mombed out of existence by Allied air attacks. Twenty-eight miles east of the Rhine and eight miles east of Frankfurt, Hanau was cleared by troops of the Third U.S. Army March 27,1945."
Information on back of photo reads: "Clutching a few personal belongings, German civilians pass through the blazing streets of Aachen en route to the safety of First U.S. Army lines. Most of the 3,000 civilians who managed to leave the Reich border city by October 14, 1944, were old men, weeping women, and children. American bombs and shells began turning Aachen into a blazing inferno when the surrounded Nazi garrison refused to surrender under penalty of destruction of the city."
Information on the back of photo reads: "This is all that remained of the famous Nazi Volkswagen factory at Fallersleben, Germany, when U.S. Army ground forces captured the town following four daylight attacks on the plant by bombers of the Eighth U.S. Air Force and the British Royal Air Force. Prior to the attacks, 18,000 employees worked here but this figure fell to 7,000 after the first Allied visits. Later, work in the factory came to a complete halt. Only 40 workers were killed during the bombings because of air raid shelters. The plant was originally built by the Deutsche Arbeiter Front (German Labor Part) in 1938-39 to produce the "people's car", or Volkswagen, for sale to the German people at about 900 marks ($360). After it was completed, the German High Command converted it to jeep and mine production. Before the Allied air attacks, the plant was capable of monthly production of 1,800 kubelwagen (jeeps), 1,000 amphibious jeeps, 1,200 V-1 bombs, 100,00 Teller mines and the repair of 30 Ju-88 aircraft wings."
Information on back of photo reads: "German civilians look over the ruins of their home which was shelled by American troops in the attack on Weifall, Germany."
Caption on back of photo reads: "American infantrymen of 36th Division run through rubble littered street of battle-scarred Rohrwiller, France. Town is under enemy attack."
Information on back of photo reads: "Capt. Philip Staples; Ardmore, Pennsylvania enjoys a fresh made egg omelette that was presented to him by grateful French civilians who had just been liberated from German hands, near Champagne."
Information on the back of photo reads: "Infantrymen of the Fourth Armored Division, Third U.S. Army, advance through rubble in a battered street in Worms, Germany, as they clear out Nazi snipers in the captured city March 20, 1945. Worms is on the west bank of the Rhine River nine miles north of Ludwigshafen."
information on back of photo reads: "Smiling civilians of the Bavarian town of Weilheim, Germany, greet troops of the 12th Armored Division, Seventh U.S. Army, with American, British, and Bavarian flags April 28, 1945."
Small girl giving a soldier a kiss on the cheek while women behind them hold hands during the liberation of France in 1944.
Young was also a combat photographer and attached tothe 361st Engineers Special unit  and at times attached to Third Army commanded by George Patton during the push into Germany. Note the friendly dog sitting next to Young is a German Shephard.
Information on back of photo reads: "Debris litters the interior of a ruined church in Germany, one of the many buildings destroyed during the bitter fighting which marked the Allied thrust into the Reich."
Young, from Oak Hill, W. Va. served with 361st Engineer Special as an infantryman and combat photographer.
The photograph was taken during the Allied advance against the Nazis in Europe.
The photograph was most likely taken in Holland, which had been under Nazi control for several years until portions of the country was liberated by the Allies in the Fall of 1944 during Operation Market Garden.
A large port and industrial center that includied u-boat pens and oil refineries was bombed throughout the war. An air attack in July 1942 created one of the largest firestorms of WW II, killing 42,600 civilians, wounding 37,000 and practically destroying the city.
Information on back of photo reads: "Civilians move about on a street in a shell-torn Bamberg, Germany, after occupation of the city by troops of the Seventh U.S. Army April 14, 1945. Enemy forces withdrew from the medieval city, 30 miles northwest of Nurenberg, after a short fight. The retreating Nazis blew up the bridge across the Main and Renitz Rivers, leaving Bamberg an island."
Soldiers in the background cross the Neckor River in Mannheim, Germany. Destroyed bridge is in the foreground.
Information on back of photo reads: "German civilians sit with their children outside of a house in a Reich town captured by troops of the Ninth U.S. Army advancing to the Rhine River. The civilians have been lined up for questioning by an American officer. Units of the Ninth Army reached the Rhine March 2, 1945, when they captured Neuss opposite the industrial center of Dusseldorf."
Information on back of photo reads: "Private Thomas H. Olsen of Chicago, Illinois, checks over the baggage brought by one of the German Army women to the prisoner-of-war enclosure of the 83rd Infantry Division, Ninth U.S. Army. The women surrendered after receiving leaflets. Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force reported May 1, 1945, that nearly three million German prisoners had been taken by the Allies in the West since "D-Day" (June 6, 1945)."
Information on back of photo reads: "Colonel H.A. Forlong (left) of Pontiac, Michigan, Surgeon of the 18th Corps, Ninth U.S. Army, sits beside a Russian Army officer at a stage show given in Lippstadt, Germany, May 20, 1945, by liberated Russian soldiers and former slave workers. Lippstadt is 70 miles northwest of the Rhine River city of Duisburg.
Information on back of photo reads: "Liberated Russians cluster around a Ninth U.S. Army soldier, carried high on their shoulders, for cigarettes, which they had not seen in many months. When the American finally convinced the Russians that he had no more, they "chaired" him and carried him around the yard before their former prison, the Nazi Stalag 326, south of Bielefeld. The first U.S. troops reached Stalag 326 April 2, 1945. Nine thousand Russian prisoners of war were liberated but thousands were at the point of starvation. Tubercular patients numbered 1,350. in vast mounds all around the camp, 30,000 Russians, most of them starved to death, were buried in heaps of 500. Major Gregory Matviev, who was captured in Sebastopol in 1942, reported that hundreds died daily of starvation and "about 50 were shot every other day for no reason at all.""
Information on back of photo reads: "Russians and Americans toasting each other after the link up at Torgau. Ann Stringer, U.P. Correspondent can be seen in the picture. Also man with beard on right, who is Correspondent Jack Thompson, of Chicago Tribune."
Information back of photo reads: "Looking down on some of the wrecked and abandoned Nazi equipment left in the courtyard of the City Hall in the 10th District of Paris after the French capital's liberation August 25, 1944. The Nazis used the building as a telephone center and fortress. Their resistance was strong here and many members of the Maquis were massacred and buried in the courtyard."
Information on back of photo reads: "Firm contact has been established between ground forces of the First American Army and those of the Russian Army. The historic meeting took place in the town of Torgau, on the Elbe River, 75 miles south of Berlin, when First Army troops met forward elements of the Russian Guards Division."
Information on back of photo reads: "In Stalag 326 - 6K were nine thousand prisoners - all Russians. The U.S. 9th Army liberated them when they broke through to Eseslheide, s.east of Munster and n.east of Hamm. When the Russians realized that they were free they went wild. The Russians told us that 30,000 of their comrades died at the camp through privations, and 70 died of starvation each day." Picture shows: "American soldiers "chained" at Stalag 326 - 6K by Russians who were overjoyed when they found that they were free."
Information on back of photo reads: "German civilians march through newly captured Zulpich, Germany, to receive instructions on their conduct from military government unit with 9th Infantry Division of 1st U.S. Army. Town was hard hit by U.S. bombers blasting path to Rhine."
Information on back of photo reads: "German civilians are rounded up for evacuation from Schaffhausen, occupied by Seventh U.S. Army troops March 14, 1945. The German town, six miles north of the frontier of Alsace, is under constant enemy shellfire."
Information on back of photo reads: "German refugees with a cart move through the ruins of bombed Regensburg, captured by the 65th Division of the Third U.S. Army April 23, 1945. General George Patton's Third Army struck into the Southern German segment from the northwest to capture the Danube River town, which is about 70 miles from Munich."
Information on back of photo reads: "Shame, guilt, and humiliation cloud the faces of these German women as they pass through the Canadian lines to an evacuation centre. They put guns before butter in the years between the wars; they lived on the loot of conquered Europe, and clothed themselves in furs from Russia and fine clothes from Paris. Now it is their turn to be homeless, and the watching troops, who saw grim evidence of German ruthlessness in the countries they liberated, show no sympathy."
Information on back of the photo reads: "Puzzled but curious, a little Russian boy accepts a stick of chewing gum from his new friend, a U.S. Air Forces solider at the Russian terminus of Italy-Russia shuttle missions flown by heavy bombers of the U.S. Fifteenth Army Air Force. Since June, 1944, Allied bombers from England and Italy, escorted by fighters, have flown to bases in Russia, and return, attacking enemy targets in occupied Europe en route."
Information on back of photo reads: "If German divisions no longer retreat according to plan, part of their difficulties can be traced to the destruction of Deutsche Dunlop A.G. tire and rubber factory at Hanau, Germany, east of Frankfurt - a priority - one target for R.A.F. and the U.S. Eighth Air Force. When American Air Force observers surveyed the second most important rubber plant on the Continent, they found ruin and destruction widespread. Despite this the enemy's need for rubber products is so great, there was evidence of clearance and repair work to restore partial production, said surveyors. Elsewhere in Hanau the locomotive roundhouse had been destroyed by Allied air attacks. The town's gas works was a shambles. in the marshalling yard sidings and through lines were pocketed with bomb craters, some filled - in attempts to keep the rails open. In one typical Hanau attack last December, the Eighth sent 303 heavy bombers to drop in one-ton (U.S.) bombs, 1,112 one-thousand pounders, 176 five-hundreds, and 3,420 hundred-pound bombs."
Information on back of photo reads: "American Sergeant Vivian L. Rees of Wingfield, Iowa, lights the cigar of Soviet Lieutenant Sergi Biernikov during the visit Red Army Day February 25, 1945, to liberated Soviet prisoners of war by U.S. Army Air Forces personnel who had served in the U.S.S.R. The American airmen collected tobacco and candy at their base in England as a gift to the Russians, also stationed in the British Isles."
Information on back of photo reads: "3rd U.S. Army Troops go aboard LCVP prior to first crossing of the Rhine River by soldiers of the 3rd Army at Nierstein, Germany. Soldiers are members of the 5th Infantry Division."
Information on back of photo reads: "If German divisions no longer retreat according to plan, part of their difficulties can be traced to the destruction of Deutsche Dunlop A.G. tire and rubber factory at Hanau, Germany, east of Frankfurt - a priority - one target for R.A.F. and the U.S. Eighth Air Force. When American Air Force observers surveyed the second most important rubber plant on the Continent, they found ruin and destruction widespread. Despite this the enemy's need for rubber products is so great, there was evidence of clearance and repair work to restore partial production, said surveyors. Elsewhere in Hanau the locomotive roundhouse had been destroyed by Allied air attacks. The town's gas works was a shambles. in the marshalling yard sidings and through lines were pocketed with bomb craters, some filled - in attempts to keep the rails open. In one typical Hanau attack last December, the Eighth sent 303 heavy bombers to drop in one-ton (U.S.) bombs, 1,112 one-thousand pounders, 176 five-hundreds, and 3,420 hundred-pound bombs."
Information on back of photo reads: "Tarnopal, bastion of Hitler's eastern front, turns a scarred face to the camera after its fall with its 12,000 man garrison to Soviet troops. Fighting in and around Tarnopol was prolonged and bitter, and German losses in men and material were heavy."
Information on back of photo reads: "Civilians who have returned to captured, war-torn Munchen-Gladbach fill carts with sticks for firewood outside a bomb-shattered broom factory. Munchen-Gladbach, first big industrial city in the Ruhr area to fall to advancing American forces, was taken March 1, 1945, by troops of the Ninth U.S. Army after heavy air and artillery bombardment. It is 10 miles from the Dutch border."
Information on back of photo reads: "Parisians line the Champs Elysees to cheer the massed infantry units of the American Army as they march in review towards the Arc De Triomphe, celebrating the liberation of the capital of France from Nazi occupation."
Sergeant Raymond Young teaching a Dutch Officer/Captain how to use the K20 camera while Young was assigned to a NATO unit in Europe.
Raymond Young from Oak Hill, W. Va., served in Europe during WW II as a combat photographer and in South Vietnam as a medical photographer.
Raymond Young shows unidentified military personnel, including a Dutch Captain a K-20 camera. The military personel were part of a NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) unit stationed in Europe.
Raymond Young from Oak Hill, W. Va. is second one from the left.
Raymond Young from Oak Hill, W. Va. served in Europe during WWII as a combat photographer and in South Vietnam as a medical photographer.
Raymond Young served in Europe during WWII as a combat photographer and in South Vietnam as a medical photographer.
Raymond Young from Oak Hill, W. Va. served in Europe during WWII as a combat photographer and in South Vietnam as a medical photographer.